ORIGINS: Hokkaido milk bread was invented in the 1800’s in Japan.
Vegan Japanese Milk Bread
Tangzhong (Water Roux)
- 1/2 cup water 120 g
- 1/3 cup all purpose flour 60 g
Hokkaido Milk Bread Dough
- 1/2 can coconut cream or full-fat coconut milk 200 g; see Notes
- 3 tbsp vegan butter or margarine 40 g
- 1/4 cup sugar 50 g
- 1 tsp salt 6 g
- 2 ½ cups all purpose flour 300 g; see Notes
- 2 ½ tsp instant yeast 10 g
"Egg" Wash *optional
- 1 tsp warm water
- 2 tsp brown sugar or syrup
- Add tangzhong ingredients to a small saucepan. Set it on the stove at low heat and whisk until smooth. I used chopsticks but you can use, you know, an actual whisk. Once smooth, let it heat for about 5 minutes or until thickened (see video or pictures below), whisking occasionally.
- Add tangzhong and coconut cream to the bowl of a stand mixer.
- Keep the saucepan going on low heat. Add the vegan butter or margarine and let it melt, then turn off the stove.
- Add the melted butter and the rest of the ingredients except the yeast to the bowl, then start mixing in the stand mixer using the dough hook.
- When the ingredients are roughly mixed but haven't yet started coming together, add the yeast. We want to add it last to avoid the hot butter and tangzhong from killing any yeast.
- Now let the stand mixer knead the dough for 12 to 15 minutes. (See Notes.)
- The dough should now be soft and smooth. Shape into a ball and let it rest in the bowl, covered, for 1 1/2 hours.
- After rising, the dough should be about 1.5x its original size. Take it out of the bowl and flatten into a big circle, pressing out any air pockets.
- Slice the circle into eight equal pieces. Roll each piece into a ball (see video) and place into a round baking pan. Or a square one. Whatever you have.
- Cover and let rise. After 30 minutes, preheat the oven to 350 °F (175 °C).
- Optional: Mix the "egg" wash ingredients together in a small cup and gently brush onto the risen rolls.
- Put your rolls into the oven at the 40-minutes mark. (My oven takes 10 minutes to preheat from cold. If yours takes longer, start the preheat a bit earlier.)
- At 25 minutes, the rolls should be lightly golden. Turn off the heat and let the rolls sit in the oven for 10 minutes before removing to cool. Let rolls cool in pan for another 10 minutes, then transfer to a wire rack.
These vegan Japanese milk bread buns taste soooo good while they’re fresh but if you have extras to enjoy later, I recommend heating them up in the microwave for about 10 seconds to bring them back to optimal fluffiness.
You can also use bread flour (also known as hard flour) for the dough. I’ve tried with both and I find that the rise is a bit higher with bread flour, but the difference is tiny. So I put all purpose flour in the recipe as it’s more readily available.
Tangzhong can be made ahead. I typically make a double batch at once, then store half in the fridge to use a few days later for my next bread project. (You can add tangzhong to any bread recipe, not just ones that call for it.)
Kneading for at least 12 minutes is important. For my first batch, I only did a 5-minute knead. Although the dough looked nice and smooth, it was too slack, which resulted in denser, flatter buns (although the taste was fine). See the difference below:
For this reason, this is a hard recipe to make by hand as it requires a lot of kneading. Stand mixer is the way to go!
Coconut Milk vs Coconut Cream
I found coconut cream to be the best vegan substitute for milk in this bread recipe, because it’s very concentrated and rich. I experimented with adding coconut milk powder, too, but found it didn’t make a noticeable difference in the final product. You can also just use normal full-fat coconut milk: refrigerate for a few hours, then scoop out 200 g of the solidified top layer.
The difference between cream and milk is that at the bottom of a can of cold coconut milk, you’ll find it’s mostly water, whereas a can of coconut cream will be composed of the same thick cream all the way through. Coconut milk is basically a diluted version of coconut cream, and lite coconut milk is an even more diluted version. So fwiw, unless coconut milk is much cheaper than cream where you live, I recommend buying coconut cream as you can easily convert it to larger quantities of milk.
You can specifically buy coconut cream in most Asian grocery stores. Here in Canada I usually get them from T&T and I’ve had success using the Kosa, Dragon, and Thai Friend brands.
Tangzhong is the Key to Fluffy Milk Bread
The combination of water + flour + heat adds incredible moistness and softness to any bread. Check out the deets on tangzhong in my pandan bread recipe.
Shaping Bread Rolls
See the video above on how to shape the dough into individual rolls (skip to 1:18).
Splitting the dough into eighths will give you rolls that are slightly smaller than a burger bun. If you choose to make them smaller, I would raise the temperature to 375 °F and start checking for doneness at 15 minutes.
If you prefer to make a whole loaf, it’s pretty simple. Divide your dough into thirds and flatten each piece into a rough rectangular shape. Roll each rectangle into a tight log, then place into a loaf pan. Looks something like this:
Veganizing Hokkaido Milk Bread
The type of bread that I’m emulating here is also known as Hokkaido milk bread. Hokkaido is a region in Japan known for its dairy products, but since this vegan recipe doesn’t use dairy (obviously), it doesn’t make sense to call these “Hokkaido milk” buns, right?
The first time I made Japanese milk buns (back when I still used dairy products), I used King Arthur Flour’s recipe. Since then, I’ve tried several other recipes but I always return to the KAF recipe for how simple the instructions are and how successful it turns out, every time.
I modeled my veganized milk bread on the same recipe. Likewise, I tried to use the simplest ingredients.
Nutrition, Cost, and Emissions Information for Vegan Japanese Milk Bread
One vegan milk bread roll is 280 cal, costs $0.13, and releases 107 gCO2e of carbon emissions into the atmosphere.
Calculation for full recipe (8 buns) as written:
Feel free to contact me for sources on the nutritional and carbon emissions information presented here. Note that I am not a nutritionist and guidelines on this page are provided for informational purposes only.